The Egwu-Udo (The Masquerade) And The Ouwuo: The Cultural Dance In Nigeria


cultural dances

In Nigeria, there are different kinds of culture, dance, tradition, etc., according to the numerous different tribes that make up the country. One of the most interesting cultural activities can be found in Umuaka, a town located Between Orlu town and Owerri city in Imo State. The Igbo tribes of Nigeria are very generous people when it comes to social and cultural activities. In Umuaka, a social-culture activity that one cannot afford to miss is the Ouwuo which features many different masquerade dances. One of the masquerades that are more attractive and interesting to watch is the Egwu-Udo.

Umuka is a town In Imo State known for its retained ancestral culture and traditional way of life. In Umuaka, Culture is their number one priority as it boosts the historical background. They appreciate their culture and festivals to the bream. Let’s discuss here the cultural dance of Nigeria

Cultural Dance In Nigeria 

A person wearing a costume

The name Egwu-Udo means wool-dance “Egwu (dance) – Udo (wool),” and just as its name comprises the outfit, the masquerade’s costume which is overall colorful knitted wool to cover the dancer with an opening on the belly where it can be worn through, is designed with comfortability to the dancers’.

For a dancer to be stunning, he has to design his outfit colorfully blended. Some dancers also tie colorful Ogodo (wrapper) on their waist to make their outfits outstanding. Some often tie a small bell on their costume, which makes a jingle noise as they pass by. This attracts and calls the peoples’ attention that a masquerade is passing by.

The dance comprises fast-slow steps and then steady war-like movement; sometimes, the dancer makes some lingering steps and pauses and then continues again. The dancer makes a whistling sound ”auto-le-le-uuuuuuhu” as he performs or passes by. People, more especially teenagers, could follow an Egwu-Udo to a very long distance notwithstanding the weather. There are usually scheduled days for our dance, which most of them normally hold at market squares, school compounds, and some Oghu leaders’ compounds (Ezhi Ndi-ISI ouwuo) where the Egwu-Udo and other masquerades perform their dancing.

The Egwu-Udo And The Ouwuo Dance In Nigeria

A group of stuffed animals

The Oghu festival usually kick-off by June and ends in July just before the preparation of the August meeting, which commences in the month of August. During the commencing period of the Oghu, teenagers willing to join or participate in any ouwuo dance or advised by their parents to do so will be initiated. The initiation process implies being a male indigene, providing cola nuts, palm wine grind, and baked melon with some ugba pottage presented to the ouwuo leaders (Ndi-ISI ouwuo).

The Bottom Line

On days that there is no scheduled dance, the Egwu-Udo is free to wander about anywhere in the community.

Today the festival is one of the legendary social festivals in Umuaka, and neighboring towns are performed anywhere in the world where there are Umuaka indigenous that cannot afford to travel home for the festival.

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